This method was coined in its essential features, concepts and methodology by Professor Franz Ruppert from Munich. The central theme is the cleavage mechanism in the soul.
Practical application of the method:
Both in group as well as (although to a different extent) individually applicable.
Advantage of the method:
The constellation work is more than any other individual approach suited to open up both the complexity of the family system, as well as the mental landscape of the individual. This happens through the externalization of the mental parts in the room. The individual can reflect and experience the system parts which is both the condition and the actual act of integration of split-off parts of the soul. During work the room becomes the soul space.
For complex family topics as well as for own split-off parts.
Theory and history of the method:
In an existential borderline experience (i.e. an experience where the existence is threatened) the psyche splits into a survival ego, a traumatized ego and a healthy ego.
Only the existentially threatening, endangering the existence, imprints itself as existentially. It imprints itself as a switchman in the brain structures, as well as in the body structures and the mental life. This switchman then automatically and autonomously tracks in the direction of a compulsion to repeat trauma, and also the compulsive avoidance strategy (survival strategy) of the same one.
These two mutually opposing compulsive tendencies have a common origin, namely the existential borderline experience through which they paradoxically – and rather logically coupled to each other. So they built a dynamic entity of reluctant polarities, or heavy contradictions that act as a dynamic within the soul. (“Two souls dwell in my breast” Goethe, Faust)
Something “must not repeat”, “has to be avoided” and simultaneously pulls you so unnoticed on what you wanted to avoid or on what should be avoided. The two opposing tendencies are mutually depending. This is hardly surprising when you begin to realize that they arise from a common existential experience through which one is (in the sense of trauma cleavage) split. The cleavage, however, is also the strongest connection. (how paradoxical it may sound).
It is already a result, that there is no abstract way of the center between these polarities. The existential borderline experiences are the source of the dividing and consuming polarities that always have its effect. Therefore there is not a “middle path”, so much he may also be sought yearningly.
In this way we can illustrate how the emotional landscape of a people can be split as a result of an existential borderline experience. Each of the three parts then takes over its specific role. While the survival ego takes the lead to ensure the very survival, the traumatized ego is kept by him in split-off. The by nature automatically initiated, and therefore unconscious process of cleavage, serves to survival. The function of the splitting is thus the survival function in man par excellence. The unbearable for the human being and very specific for the child’s psyche unbearable, existentially threatening is cleaved and thus made at all bearable.
But the traumatized ego – precisely because suppressed – urging the appearance of himself, as the existential borderline experiences are re-staged in a repetition compulsion. (Such as a held ball under water, which pushes to the surface).
The unconscious impulse or urge of the soul after healing is thus shown in a repetition, which, however, is not a cure, since the split (fragmented) soul by itself is unable to integrate.
If the traumatized soul is involved in this unconscious dynamics, man is carried away by this dynamic. Since the soul is by nature more generational, it also acts on this scale. It surrounds the lives of several generations and their fates, which thus act in us and through us.
Against that fact stands, however – as already mentioned – the tendency of suppression. The suppression is committed by virtue of his determination and function to keep repressed at all costs the uplifted traumas and taboo topics by the soul. The repressed is not to be divulged.
The unconscious dynamics of the soul
These opposing tendencies create a dynamic in the human soul that is inevitably followed by the human life. In this sense, the life of the individual is determined, as in this dynamic is no free choice. This dynamic results from the tension between two poles. It is the tension between the unconscious urge of the soul after repetition – restaging their traumatic taboo subjects – and the transgenerational suppression of it. Man is, therefore, in a state of being stretched between these two poles. The path of individuation – in the Jungian sense – is the way out of the entanglement in this dynamic. This is therefore difficult to imagine without conscious confrontation with the traumas of the family system.
Since the human soul has a multigenerational nature (Prof. Franz Ruppert), this term also has to be thought in this extent, which is the extent of the entire family system. More specifically, the extent of the familial unconscious (Leopold Szondi). The existential borderline experiences of the family system significantly influence the life of later generations, as many quite serious studies had shown already. Existential border experiences (e.g. war and flight) change DNA. In this context, we speak in the field of epigenetics of trauma genes.
The healing impulse of the soul (the healthy ego) thus corresponds to the realization of these hitherto unconscious dynamics, as well as the desire (concern) to find a way out of this unbearable situation of turmoil, turning in circles and stagnation. This loophole however is not a flight (away from movement), but a confrontation (towards movement). This reflects the motivation to the trauma work.
The healthy ego is rather regarded as a seed, as a potential in the soul, so that it is not automatically assumed that his presence is complete. Rather, it is that the qualities of a healthy ego, stability, intellectual openness, emotional permeability (as opposed to freezing), reflectivity, discernment and focusing in one’s life arise only through the work with trauma as a new quality of consciousness. The healthy ego is of great importance, as it is the true subject of motivation in people to work with trauma and integrate its split-off state and its consequences.
The inevitable consequence of existential experience is in fact a mental, emotional and even spiritual constriction and deformation, which is reflected in all areas of life of the specific person. This splitting can be found unchanged in the psyche of adults even after 40 – 50 years since by nature a repeal of a split-off is not “provided”. Quite the contrary: the main function of the survival ego is to suppress the contents of the traumatized ego, or in other words, to maintain the cleavage and, eventually, to further split itself. Thus, the mental space narrows with time, while the consequences of trauma begin somatization.
The integration of the soul as an act of cultural awareness
The repeal of this split, i.e. the integration of split-off aspects of the psyche that is the matter and special achievement of human culture. It is not a natural process – as opposed to the split – but a process that shall be led by an experienced guide. It is an act of cultural awareness, especially since the methods for coping with trauma were developed only in the last decades. This is mainly to SE – somatic experiencing, EMDR, EMI – eye movement integration, and constellation work with trauma , just to name a few, that have emerged in recent decades.